Thematic Program on
Dynamical Systems
 School of Mathematics, IPM,
 February - May, 2017

School of Mathematics
 & Topology

Practical Information  

Mini Course

Omid Hatami   (IPM, Tehran)

Title: A quick introduction to Ergodic Theoretic and Analytic aspects of Additive Combinatorics

Date &
Tuesday, April 18, 2017, 9:30--10:50
Tuesday, April 18, 2017, 11:10--12:30
Thursday, April 20, 2017, 9:30--10:50
Thursday, April 20, 2017, 11:10--12:30

Lecture Hall 2,
IPM Niavaran Building,
Niavaran Square, Tehran
In 1936, Erdős and Turán [ET] conjectured that every set of integers A with positive natural density contains a $k$-term arithmetic progression for every $k$. In 1953 Roth [R] proved Erdős-Turán's conjecture for $k = 3$. Later Szemerédi gave a proof first for $k = 4$ [Sz1] and then for general $k$ [Sz24]. In 1977 Furstenberg [F] gave a proof by ergodic theoretic techniques and in 1998 Gowers [G] gave a proof for Szemerédi's Theorem using higher Fourier analysis.

In this course I will sketch ergodic, depending on the amount of time available I will review some of the history of the subject. I will also sketch the analytic proof of Szemerédi theorem as well as the ergodic proof and I will try to describe their connection.

P. Erdős and P. Turán, On some sequences of integers, Journal of the London Mathematical Society. 11 (4), (1936), 261-264.

[R] K. F. Roth, On certain sets of integers, Journal of the London Mathematical Society. 28 (1), (1953), 104-109.

[Sz1] E. Szemerédi, On sets of integers containing no four elements in arithmetic progression, Acta Math. Acad. Sci. Hung. 20, (1969), 89-104.

[Sz2] E. Szemerédi, On sets of integers containing no $k$ elements in arithmetic progression, Acta Arithmetica 27, (1975), 199-245.

[F] H. Furstenberg, Ergodic behavior of diagonal measures and a theorem of Szemerédi on arithmetic progressions, J. D'Analyse Math. 31, (1977), 204-256.

[G] T. Gowers, A new proof of Szemerédi's theorem, Geom. Funct. Anal. 11 (3), (2001), 465--588.

School of Mathematics,
IPM - Institute for Research in Fundamental Sciences
Niavaran Building, Niavaran Square, Tehran, Iran
Tel: +98 21 222 90 928